Optimize the investment

Optimize the investment

  • Categories:Industry Policy
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  • Time of issue:2022-06-01
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(Summary description)On May 31, the State Council issued the "Package of Policy Measures for Solidly Stabilizing the Economy" (hereinafter referred to as the "Measures"), which proposed 33 specific policy measures and division of labor arrangements in six areas, aiming to intensify the response to macro policies and promote economic stability. increase.

Optimize the investment

(Summary description)On May 31, the State Council issued the "Package of Policy Measures for Solidly Stabilizing the Economy" (hereinafter referred to as the "Measures"), which proposed 33 specific policy measures and division of labor arrangements in six areas, aiming to intensify the response to macro policies and promote economic stability. increase.

  • Categories:Industry Policy
  • Author:
  • Origin:
  • Time of issue:2022-06-01
  • Views:0

On May 31, the State Council issued the "Package of Policy Measures for Solidly Stabilizing the Economy" (hereinafter referred to as the "Measures"), which proposed 33 specific policy measures and division of labor arrangements in six areas, aiming to intensify the response to macro policies and promote economic stability. increase.


The "Measures" pointed out that the investment, construction and operation mode of charging piles (stations) for new energy vehicles should be optimized, and the charging facilities of all communities and operating parking lots should be gradually covered.




A package of policy measures to stabilize the economy

(33 measures in six areas)


1. Fiscal Policy (7 items)


1. Further intensify the VAT refund policy. Enterprises in 6 industries including manufacturing, scientific research and technical services, electricity, heat, gas and water production and supply, software and information technology services, ecological protection and environmental governance, civil aviation, transportation, warehousing and postal services that have been introduced. On the basis of the full refund of the stock tax credits and the full refund of the incremental tax credits on a monthly basis, the study will cover wholesale and retail trade, agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry, fishery, accommodation and catering, residential services, repairs and other service industries , 7 industries including education, health and social work, culture, sports and entertainment are included in the policy scope of full monthly refund of incremental tax credits and one-time full refund of existing tax credits. billion. Pay close attention to the processing of small and micro enterprises and individual industrial and commercial households with tax refunds and increase assistance. On the basis of voluntary application by taxpayers, the centralized refund of the existing tax credits will be basically completed before June 30; various tax refund policies introduced this year. The total amount of new tax rebates reached about 1.64 trillion yuan. Strengthen the prevention of tax refund risks, and severely punish tax evasion and tax fraud in accordance with the law.


2. Speed ​​up the progress of fiscal expenditure. Supervise and guide local governments to speed up the progress of budget implementation, break down and release funds as soon as possible, and do a good job in disbursing funds in a timely manner. Release the transfer payment budget as soon as possible to speed up the progress of expenditure at the same level; increase the efforts to revitalize the existing funds, and recover the surplus funds and the carryover funds that have not been used up for two consecutive years for overall use according to regulations. The funds used for the original purpose are recovered and used for areas that urgently need support for economic and social development; in combination with the needs of tax rebates, project construction, etc., funds are allocated and the guarantee of treasury funds is strengthened to ensure the smooth progress of relevant work.


3. Speed ​​up the issuance and use of local government special bonds and expand the scope of support. Quickly complete the task of issuing and using special bonds this year, speed up the issuance and use of 3.45 trillion yuan of special bonds that have been issued this year, basically complete the issuance by the end of June, and strive to basically complete the use by the end of August. Under the premise of compliance with laws and regulations and controllable risks, the Ministry of Finance, together with the People's Bank of China and the China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission, guides commercial banks to provide supporting financing support to eligible special bond project construction entities, and effectively connect credit funds and special bond funds. On the basis of the nine major areas of transportation infrastructure, energy, and affordable housing projects identified in the early stage, the areas of special bond support will be appropriately expanded, and new infrastructure and new energy projects will be included in the scope of support as a priority.


4. Make good use of government financing guarantees and other policies. This year, the new national financing guarantee fund re-guarantee cooperation business scale exceeds 1 trillion yuan. For qualified small and medium-sized enterprises and individual industrial and commercial households in the transportation, catering, accommodation, and tourism industries, government financing guarantee institutions are encouraged to provide financing guarantee support. Blindly withdraw, suppress, and cut off loans, and include the above-mentioned qualified financing guarantee business into the scope of re-guarantee cooperation of the National Financing Guarantee Fund. In-depth implementation of the central government's policy of reducing fees, incentives and subsidies for financing guarantees for small and micro enterprises, and plans to allocate 3 billion yuan of funds to support financing guarantee institutions to further expand the scale of financing guarantee services for small and micro enterprises and reduce financing guarantee rates. Promoting qualified localities to provide periodic subsidies for the insurance premiums for the guarantee business of supporting small and supporting agriculture.


5. Increase government procurement to support SMEs. Increase the price deduction ratio for small and micro enterprises from 6%-10% to 10%-20%. Government procurement projects should implement government procurement policies that promote the development of small and medium-sized enterprises, reasonably divide procurement packages according to project characteristics, professional types and professional fields, actively expand joint bidding and subcontracting of large enterprises, lower the threshold for small and medium-sized enterprises to participate, and adhere to openness, fairness and fairness. For competition, according to the unified quality standards, the share of reserved procurement for small and medium-sized enterprises will be increased from more than 30% to more than 40% in stages this year, and non-reserved projects will be given preferential evaluation for small and micro enterprises, and the scale of small and medium-sized enterprises will be increased.


6. Expand the implementation of the policy of deferred payment of social security premiums. On the premise of ensuring that various social insurance benefits are paid on time and in full, all small, medium and micro enterprises in eligible areas that have temporary difficulties in production and operation affected by the epidemic, as well as individual industrial and commercial households participating in the insurance as a unit, will gradually postpone the payment of the three social insurance policies. For the payment part of insurance units, the period of deferred payment will be implemented in stages until the end of this year. On the basis of the implementation of three policies of phased deferral of social security premiums for five destitute industries such as catering, retail, tourism, civil aviation, and road, water, and railway transportation, for enterprises severely impacted by the epidemic and with large-scale production and operation difficulties in the industry, compliance with For other destitute industries guided by the national industrial policy, the policy of deferred payment has been expanded, and the period of deferred payment of endowment insurance premiums has been extended in stages until the end of this year.


7. Increase support for job stabilization. Optimize the unemployment insurance return policy for stable employment, further increase the return rate, and increase the return rate for large enterprises from 30% to 50%. Expand the scope of benefits of unemployment insurance job retention subsidies, from small, medium and micro enterprises to all insured enterprises that are temporarily unable to operate normally due to the severe impact of the epidemic. Enterprises who recruit college graduates in the graduation year, sign labor contracts and participate in unemployment insurance can issue a one-time job expansion subsidy according to the standard of no more than 1,500 yuan per person. The specific subsidy standard is determined by each province, and the one-time employment subsidy is absorbed There is no repeated enjoyment, and the policy implementation period is until the end of the year.


2. Monetary and Financial Policy (5 items)


8. Encourage the implementation of deferral of principal and interest repayment for small, medium and micro enterprises, individual industrial and commercial households, truck driver loans, and personal housing and consumer loans affected by the epidemic. Commercial banks and other financial institutions continue to negotiate independently with small and medium-sized enterprises (including small and medium-sized business owners), individual industrial and commercial households, truck drivers, etc. in accordance with the principle of marketization, and implement deferred repayment of principal and interest on their loans, and strive to delay as long as possible. In principle, the date of this round of deferred debt repayment will not exceed the end of 2022. Financial subsidiaries of central automobile enterprises should play a leading and exemplary role, and provide 6-month deferral of principal and interest repayment support for commercial truck consumer loans issued before June 30, 2022. For those who are hospitalized or quarantined due to infection with COVID-19, quarantined and observed due to the epidemic, or who have lost their source of income, financial institutions can flexibly adopt reasonable delays in repayment time, extension of loan period, and deferral of repayment for their existing personal housing, consumption and other loans. Adjust the repayment plan in this way. Adhere to the substantive risk judgment for deferred loans, not to downgrade the loan risk classification due to the epidemic factor alone, without affecting the credit record, and exempt from penalty interest.


9. Increase support for inclusive small and micro loans. Continue to increase the re-loan quota for supporting agriculture and small businesses. Increase the financial support ratio of inclusive small and micro loan support tools from 1% to 2%, that is, the People's Bank of China will increase the balance of inclusive small and micro loans by the relevant local corporate banks (including the inclusive small and micro loans formed by deferred principal and interest repayment). 2% of micro-loans) to provide financial support to better guide and support local corporate banks to issue inclusive small and micro loans. Instruct financial institutions and large enterprises to support financing such as pledge of accounts receivable for small, medium and micro enterprises, and promptly revise the system to shorten the acceptance period of commercial bills from one year to six months, and increase rediscount support to provide supply chain financing and bank-enterprise financing. Cooperate to support the integrated development of large and medium-sized enterprises.


10. Continue to promote the steady and moderate decline of real loan interest rates. On the basis of making good use of the early RRR reduction funds and expanding credit supply, give full play to the role of the market interest rate pricing self-discipline mechanism, continue to release the efficiency of the reform of the loan market quoted rate (LPR) formation mechanism, give full play to the role of the market-oriented adjustment mechanism for deposit interest rates, and guide financial institutions. The effect of the decline in deposit interest rates will be transmitted to the loan side, and the actual loan interest rate will continue to be stable with some declines.


11. Improve the efficiency of capital market financing. Scientifically and reasonably grasp the normalization of initial public offering and listing (IPO) and refinancing. Support mainland enterprises to list in Hong Kong, and promote the overseas listing of qualified platform enterprises in accordance with laws and regulations. Continue to support and encourage financial institutions to issue financial bonds, establish green channels for financial bonds for "agriculture, rural areas and farmers", small and micro enterprises, green, and mass entrepreneurship and innovation, and provide financing support for enterprises in key areas. Supervise and guide the infrastructure of the interbank bond market and the exchange bond market to comprehensively sort out the charging items, exempt private enterprises from bond financing transaction fees, and further release the signal of support for private enterprises.


12. Increase financial institutions' support for infrastructure construction and major projects. Policy-oriented development banks should optimize their loan structure and provide more loans with longer terms; guide commercial banks to further increase loan issuance and extend loan terms; encourage insurance companies to give full play to their long-term capital advantages and increase their investment in water conservancy, water transportation, highways, logistics, etc. Support for infrastructure construction and major projects.


3. Policies such as stabilizing investment and promoting consumption (6 items)


13. Accelerate the promotion of a number of well-documented water conservancy projects. In 2022, another batch of projects that have been included in the plan and have mature conditions will be started, including major water diversion projects such as the follow-up project of the South-to-North Water Diversion Project, key flood control and disaster reduction, reinforcement of dangerous reservoirs, construction and renovation of irrigation areas and other projects. Further improve the list of engineering projects, strengthen the organization and implementation, coordinate promotion and optimization of work processes, and effectively improve water resources protection and disaster prevention and mitigation capabilities.


14. Accelerate the promotion of investment in transportation infrastructure. For comprehensive three-dimensional transportation network projects along rivers and coastal borders and ports and waterways, strengthen the guarantee of resource elements, optimize the approval procedures, and promptly promote the implementation of the project to ensure that the opening of the project should be opened as much as possible. Support China State Railway Group Co., Ltd. to issue 300 billion yuan of railway construction bonds. Start a new round of rural road construction and renovation. On the basis of completing this year's goals and tasks, further strengthen financial and other policy support, and add 30,000 kilometers of newly renovated rural roads, 30,000 kilometers of rural road safety and life protection projects, and renovations. There are 3,000 dangerous bridges on rural roads.


15. Continue to promote the construction of urban underground comprehensive pipe gallery according to local conditions. Guide all localities to coordinately promote the construction of pipe corridors in the renovation of old urban pipe networks, actively develop trunk and branch pipe corridors in new urban areas according to functional needs, rationally arrange pipe corridor systems, and coordinate the laying of various pipelines. Accelerate the clearing of the entry fee policy, take multiple measures to solve the problem of blocked investment and financing, and promote the implementation of a number of qualified underground comprehensive pipe corridor projects.


16. Stabilize and expand private investment. Start the preparation of major national infrastructure development plans, solidly carry out high-quality development pilot projects, vigorously and orderly promote the implementation of 102 major projects in the 14th Five-Year Plan, and encourage and attract more social capital to participate in major national projects. In the supply chain and industrial chain bidding projects, the consortium of large and medium-sized enterprises is given preference, and private enterprises are encouraged to give full play to their own advantages to participate in tackling key problems. In 2022, about 500 new "little giant" companies will be supported. Encourage private investment to focus on urban infrastructure, etc., and participate in the construction of projects in key areas through a comprehensive development model.


17. Promote the standardized and healthy development of the platform economy. Introduce specific measures to support the regulated and healthy development of the platform economy, set up "traffic lights" on the premise of preventing the disorderly expansion of capital, maintain the order of market competition, and promote the regulated and healthy development of the platform economy through fair competition. Give full play to the role of the platform economy in stabilizing employment, stabilize the development expectations of platform enterprises and their symbiotic small, medium and micro enterprises, and use the development of platform enterprises to drive relief for small, medium and micro enterprises. Guide platform companies to do a good job in the online and offline linkage of epidemic prevention materials and important livelihood commodities to ensure the "last mile" in epidemic prevention and control. Encourage platform companies to accelerate technological breakthroughs in artificial intelligence, cloud computing, blockchain, operating systems, processors, and other fields.


18. Steady increase in bulk consumption such as automobiles and home appliances. All regions shall not add new vehicle purchase restrictions, and regions that have implemented purchase restrictions gradually increase the number of incremental vehicle indicators, relax restrictions on the qualifications of car buyers, and encourage the implementation of differentiated policies for urban and suburban indicators. Accelerate the issuance of policy documents to promote the transformation of automobiles from purchase management to use management. The policy of restricting the relocation of used cars will be completely abolished, the restrictions on the relocation of small non-operating used cars that meet the National V emission standards will be lifted nationwide, and the regulations on the registration, filing, and vehicle transaction registration management of used car market entities will be improved. Support the development of parallel import business in the import ports of complete vehicles, and improve the environmental protection information disclosure system for parallel imported vehicles. Implement refined management of pickup trucks entering cities, and study to further relax restrictions on pickup trucks entering cities. Study the support policies for the reduction of vehicle purchase tax for passenger vehicles below a certain displacement within this year. Optimize the investment, construction and operation mode of charging piles (stations) for new energy vehicles, gradually realize full coverage of charging facilities in all communities and operating parking lots, and accelerate the construction of charging piles (stations) in areas such as expressway service areas and passenger transport hubs. Encourage home appliance manufacturers to carry out recycling target responsibility system actions, guide financial institutions to improve their financial service capabilities, and better meet the needs of consumption upgrades.


4. Policies to ensure food and energy security (5 items)


19. Improve policies such as grain income guarantee. In view of the current situation that the price of agricultural materials is still high, on the basis of the 20 billion yuan of agricultural materials subsidies that have been issued in the previous period, the second batch of 10 billion yuan of agricultural materials subsidies will be issued in a timely manner to make up for the decline in grain yields caused by rising costs. Actively do a good job in importing potash fertilizers. Improve the implementation plan for the minimum purchase price, implement the policy requirements of appropriately raising the minimum purchase price of rice and wheat in 2022, and start the purchase in a timely manner according to the market situation to protect the enthusiasm of farmers to grow grain. Optimize the grain-growing subsidy policy and improve the subsidy policy framework for grain-growing farmers.


20. On the premise of ensuring safe, clean and efficient utilization, release high-quality coal production capacity in an orderly manner. Establish and improve the incentive and restraint policy mechanism for coal production. Speed ​​up the procedures for securing coal supply in accordance with laws and regulations, and support eligible open-pit and underground coal mine projects to release production capacity on the premise of ensuring safe production and ecological security. Adjust the nuclear production capacity increase policy as soon as possible, support coal mines with safe production conditions to increase production capacity, accelerate the release of high-quality production capacity of coal mines, and ensure the safety of electricity, electricity and coal supply during peak summer.


21. Quickly promote the implementation of a number of energy projects. Promote the implementation of major projects in the energy sector that basically meet the conditions to start construction this year as soon as possible. Actively and steadily promote the preliminary research, demonstration and design optimization of Jinsha River Longpan and other hydropower projects. Accelerate the construction of large-scale wind power photovoltaic bases focusing on deserts, Gobi, and desert areas, and launch the second batch of projects in the near future. Make overall arrangements for the use of forest, grass and water for large-scale wind photovoltaic base construction projects, and approve and start construction of base projects according to procedures. Coal power projects and UHV transmission channels. Focus on the deployment of a number of pumped-storage power stations that have a strong role in the security of the power system, a large role in promoting the large-scale development of new energy, and relatively superior economic indicators, and speed up the construction of projects with mature conditions. Accelerate the planning and preliminary work of inter-provincial power grid projects such as Zhangbei to Shengli, Sichuan-Chongqing main grid exchange projects, Longdong to Shandong, Jinshang to Hubei DC projects.


22. Improve the capacity and level of coal reserves. Make good use of special re-loans and qualified bank loans to support the clean and efficient utilization of coal. Compact local reserve responsibilities.


23. Strengthen the reserve capacity of crude oil and other energy resources. Plan for reserve projects and start construction as early as possible. Promote the construction of government reserve projects, and the completed projects will have reserve capacity as soon as possible.


5. Policies to ensure the stability of the industrial chain and supply chain (7 items)


24. Reduce the cost of water, electricity and network for market players. Fully implement the policy of "non-stop supply of water, electricity and gas" for small and micro enterprises and individual industrial and commercial households that have temporarily encountered difficulties in production and operation due to the epidemic, and set up a 6-month deferment period of payment, which can be based on local actual conditions. Further extension, the late payment fee will be waived during the deferment period. Guide to local alignment


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